That’s 15 percent of the federally controlled water in California, which
would make it the largest grant to irrigators since the U.S. Bureau of
Reclamation was created in 1903, agency officials said.
The Westlands Water District, a coalition of giant agribusinesses in the
fertile San Joaquin Valley, draws its water from the Central Valley
Project, a vast irrigation system that also supplies drinking water to
about 1 million households.
If drought-like conditions persist in the West, a deal would guarantee
the farmers’ irrigation pumps will flow, even if that means some cities
in the San Francisco Bay area will get less drinking water.
“Can a proposal that appears to put a small group of farm operations
ahead of the taxpayers and our fish and wildlife resources be justified
because it may help one federal agency deal with a specific drainage
problem?” said Hal Candee, a senior attorney with the Natural Resources
Defense Council who is participating in the negotiations.
Westlands declined to comment, saying Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-CA, had
asked participants to refrain from speaking about the negotiations in
advance of last Wednesday’s meeting.
Feinstein said in a statement that the purpose of the meeting is “to
examine whether the serious drainage issues facing the Valley can be
The proposed settlement, documents for which were obtained by The
Associated Press, would give the Westlands farmers a stake in a massive
reservoir, millions of dollars in pumps and pipes, and permanent rights
to enough water to serve 8 million people.
It is one of two settlements being considered. The second proposal would
offer landowners a contract for less water, but would still ensure that
Westlands farmers get their water before cities in Santa Clara and
Contra Costa counties.
Westlands is the nation’s largest water district and its members include
Harris Farms, one of California’s biggest farming operations, and
Tanimura & Antle, the nation’s top lettuce grower.
More than a decade ago, the district sued the government after a botched
federal project left thousands of acres of cropland tainted by salty,
polluted runoff, and caused the death or deformation of thousands of
birds. The proposed water-rights deal would settle that lawsuit.
Westlands recently hired two former Bush administration officials, one
who is helping to negotiate the deal with the Bureau of Reclamation, a
division of the U.S. Department of the Interior. Susan Ramos, a former
assistant regional director at the Bureau of Reclamation, and Jason
Peltier, former water policy adviser at the Interior Department, both
took management posts at the district.
Either plan would need congressional approval. Bureau officials say the
proposals would be cheaper than an official plan registered with the
courts that would cost $2.6 billion to retire almost 200,000 acres of
tainted Central Valley cropland and clean up salty runoff from