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Friday, July 20,2007

Infected cow native to U.S.

by WLJ
4, 2005 — Animal born and raised on Texas ranch. Officials with USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) last Wednesday confirmed that a cow infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was U.S. born and raised. It is the first domestic case of the disease confirmed in the U.S. According to John Clifford, chief veterinary officer for APHIS, the Brahma-cross cow was 12 years old when she was shipped to a pet food plant in Texas last November. She was born and raised on the same ranch in Texas all her life. When she arrived at the plant, the cow was not able to stand or walk and was condemned from entering the animal feed chain. Instead, brain samples were collected and the animal was incinerated. APHIS is currently working on tracking down any cohorts or herd mates that would be considered most at risk for BSE. “The source herd is under a hold order as we identify ‘animals of interest’ within the herd,” Clifford said. “Animals of interest include animals that were born the same year as the infected animal, as well as those born the year before and the year after. We may expand our inquiry to include all animals in this herd that were born before the feed ban went into place in 1997.” In 1997, a federal regulation was put in place that eliminated the use of ruminant meat-and-bone meal (MBM) in ruminant feed. MBM could include bits and pieces of central nervous system tissue, which is thought to carry the malformed proteins responsible for the disease. Clifford also said his department is interested in any of the animal's offspring that were born within the last two years, which means the last two calves. Last week’s announcement was several days after USDA announced the confirmation of the disease in the animal, but officials said they had to do DNA analysis to trace back the animal to its herd of origin. When the sample was first collected last November it was mislabeled with the wrong breed of the animal and was also commingled with at least four other animals that were being tested for the disease, Clifford said. In addition, Dr. Bob Hillman, state veterinarian for Texas, said that the laboratory from College Station that did the original testing on the infected cow’s sample conducts tests on cattle from states other than Texas, and that extra time was needed to gather the information concerning the cow’s origin and path of movement, if any. The name and specific location of the quarantined ranch has not been released. Clifford added that information would probably not be released through their office. He said releasing that information could violate the producer’s individual right to privacy. — Steven D. Vetter, WLJ Editor © Crow Publications - Any reprint of WLJ stories, except for personal use,  without permission, written consent and appropriate attribution is prohibited. ©1996-2005 Crow Publications. All rights reserved.

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Friday, July 20,2007

Private property ruling criticized

by WLJ
4, 2005 — Supreme Court: economic development is public use. — Farms, ranches could be impacted. Private property groups, including farming and ranching organizations, were dismayed and upset with a recent Supreme Court decision allowing local governments to “take” private businesses, homes and/or land in order to promote economic development. The vote was 5-4 in favor of the town of New London, CT. Petitioners from the town alleged their Fifth Amendment rights were violated and challenged the city government’s use of eminent domain to take and pay for residential property which would be used to build a retail and entertainment area. In 1998, pharmaceutical manufacturer Pfizer, Inc. agreed to build a $270 million research facility next to the area involved in the lawsuit. The New London City Council then adopted a plan to redevelop 90 acres of that neighborhood, and transferred power of eminent domain to the private, nonprofit New London Development Corp., which was in charge of that redevelopment plan. According to the plaintiffs in the case, the city had no right to take their property except to build projects for “explicit public use,” like roads or schools. However, the court’s majority opinion indicated that economic development was considered within the realm of public use. “There is no basis for exempting economic development from our traditionally broad understanding of public purpose,” said Justice John Paul Stevens, who wrote the majority opinion. “Petitioners contend that using eminent domain for economic development impermissibly blurs the boundary between public and private takings....our cases foreclose this objection. Quite simply, the government ’s pursuit of a public purpose will often benefit individual private parties.” Other justices in the majority were Anthony Kennedy, David Souter, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and Stephen Breyer. In addition, the majority opinion appeared to give local governments the authority to purchase and redevelop privately-owned areas if they are deemed run down or dilapidated. The four dissenting votes were by Chief Justice William Rehnquist, Sandra Day O’Connor, Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas. In her dissenting opinion O’Connor said, “Today, the court abandons the long-held, basic limitation on government power. Under the banner of economic development, all private property is now vulnerable to being taken and transferred to another private owner, so long as it might be upgraded—i.e., given to an owner who will use it in a way that the legislature deems more beneficial to the public—in the process. To reason, as the Court does, that the incidental public benefits resulting from the subsequent ordinary use of private property render economic development takings ‘for public use’ is to wash out any distinction between private and public use of property—and thereby effectively to delete the words ‘for public use’ from the Takings Clause of the Fifth Amendment.” Private property groups were upset with the ruling saying that it now opens up all house and property owners as potential targets by city governments looking to expand their boundaries or improve their economic viability. “We are outraged that the Supreme Court ruled government bodies can use eminent domain authority to take private property for economic development by private businesses. The ruling in favor of the city in Kelo v. City of New London could have serious negative consequences to farmers and ranchers,” said Bob Stallman, president of the American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF). “Apparently no one’s home, farm and/or ranch land, is safe from government seizure because of this ruling.” AFBF was one of many farm and ranch-based organizations that filed amicus curiae—also known as “friend of the court”—briefs. “Farmers and ranchers are having problems maintaining their fields and pastures for food and fiber production. They are contending with urban sprawl and need protection against government bodies having free reign to take land.” The other point of contention from plaintiffs and “friend” petitioners was that the land can be “taken for less than fair market value.” Property Rights Attorney David McIlheny, Joplin, MO, told WLJ last week that the Supreme Court’s decision could even result in some municipalities taking private property or land without paying for it, if land or property owners don’t agree to an original offer. “It appears landowners’ hands could be tied, with this decision,” McIlheny said. “There isn’t anything explicit in the ruling about ‘fair’ and/or ‘market’ value being paid for targeted property.” There were concerns that farms and ranches located on the “near outskirts” of municipalities could be the most impacted by this decision. “Those are probably the operations that need to be the most concerned with this decision, particularly if they are in ‘prime development’ areas,” McIlheny said. — Steven D. Vetter, WLJ Editor © Crow Publications - Any reprint of WLJ stories, except for personal use,  without permission, written consent and appropriate attribution is prohibited. ©1996-2005 Crow Publications. All rights reserved.

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Monday, July 16,2007

BEEF talk

by Kris Ringwall, North Dakota State University
Back to the fungus Reviewing the cow/calf priority list (“Priorities First: Identifying Management Priorities in the Commercial Cow-calf Business”) that was summarized and authored by Tom Field, Ph.D., Fort Collins, CO, it is very obvious that the highest priorities for cow/calf producers are directly related to the purpose of the cow. That purpose, to annually produce a calf that will convert roughage from ruminant forage to nonruminant feed, is a very important part of the food chain. Whether food for other animals or food for humans, the conversion of forage by ruminants to protein for use in nonruminant diets certainly is important. The production of beef for the human diet is the driving force in the commercial beef industry, which is an industry that is more and more dependent on grass. Some would argue with that statement by noting that the cow/calf business always has been a grass-based industry. However, in the world of cheap, harvested feed, the industry has shifted at times. More manually harvested feeds have been a significant part of the cow/calf enterprise. However, the pasture and range category is No. 2 in the rankings of commercial cattle producers and the top two subcategories involve usage. That usage, as one might guess, involves stocking rate and the timing and duration of grazing. The priority settings do provide a glimpse into how cow/calf producers view the resources around them and open the door to a discussion of missed opportunities. In the area of pasture and range, it is the plants that form the foundation of the ranch. One could even go further and note that soil health is fundamental to the plant community. It is through monitoring and evaluation of the plants that one really learns the guts of a grass operation. The coming and going of various plants throughout a grassland community tells a lot about what is happening, not only on grazing impact, but also what one doesn’t see, which is the living world beneath our feet. This spring definitely was a mushroom spring. What is great about the world of mushrooms is that they simply are giving you a view of a world we cannot routinely see, at least not with the naked eye. Earlier, Lee Manske, Dickinson Research Extension Center range specialist, and I reported on a quick review of a few types of mushrooms evident on our walk in search of fairy rings. The mushrooms are the fruiting bodies of a fungus and the fairy rings are of the genus Chlorophyllum. Along the walk, we found a large number of hygrophorus, amanita, russula, armillarius, mycena, panacolus and cortinarius mushrooms. All these mushrooms must live on organic matter. Many of the fungi break down or decompose dead plants and animals. Furthermore, mycelium is the network of filamentous hyphae that form the typical vegetative structure of fungi and are always present in the soil. One does not need to look across the landscape to see life. All we need to do is look under our feet to find abundant life. The principle of good stewardship of the land literally starts under our feet and is the basis of the principles that establish the accepted grazing systems that producers use. In fact, according to Manske, fungi literally hold our grassland communities together. For example, the activity levels of rhizosphere fungi have the ability to aggregate and stabilize soil particles and thereby improve the quality of the soil in grassland ecosystems. The priority ranking is right because the overall management of the pasture and range has considerable significance for the development of today’s biologically effective grazing management system. However, don’t just look at usage because monitoring the health of grasslands is very complicated, and don’t forget to look at the plants and the soil they are growing from.

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Monday, July 16,2007

Educational beef tour schedule set

by WLJ
Lunch begins at 11:30 at the River Bend Ranch Headquarters, located east of Limon, CO, off I-70 at Exit 354 then .75 miles west. The program will conclude around 3:30 p.m. Joe and Cindy Frasier, Frasier Farms—River Bend Ranch are inviting beef producers, educators, industry representatives and others to their ranch near Limon, CO, for a tour on Thursday, Aug. 16, 2007, beginning with a lunch at 11:30. Lunch is sponsored by Red Angus Association of America (RAAA). During the tour, participants will get a first-hand look at how River Bend Ranch uses a Synchronized Artificial Insemination Breeding Program in their summer calving program. The day of the tour is the mass-insemination day for cows on an estrous synchronization protocol coordinated by Frank Carlson from ABS Global, Inc. This protocol also employs short-term calf removal to enhance pregnancy rates. The Frasiers are using Red Angus sires as part of progeny test evaluations for RAAA. Participants will also see first-hand how the use of radio frequency identification tags for record- keeping has been integrated with mating choices, breeding and calving records and marketing opportunities for Source and Age Verification through U.S Premium Beef. River Bend Ranch moved from a traditional season of calving to summer calving nine years ago. Joe will describe why they made this decision and the benefits he has seen by incorporating this management practice in his herd. The tour will also include a stop and discussion of how the River Bend Ranch is effectively using Management Intensive Grazing to improve range condition and productivity. Participants in the tour will observe the pasture cell structures and their use in rotational management. The Frasier families have been ranching in eastern Colorado since 1947 and are no strangers to the Colorado beef industry. They received the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association Regional Environmental Stewardship Award in 2003. The Colorado State University (CSU) Beef Team is serving as coordinators for this tour and encourages cattlemen to plan to attend this very educational event. For more information, contact Mick Livingston, Kit Carson Cooperative Extension Office in Burlington, CO, at 719/346-5571, or email mick.livingston@colostate.edu; Jack Whittier, CSU Beef Extension Specialist, Fort Collins, CO, at 970/491-6233, or by email jack.whittier@colostate.edu; Roger Ellis, CSU Extension Veterinarian, Fort Collins, CO, phone 970/297-4516, email roger.ellis@colostate.edu; or Michael Fisher, Yuma County Extension Office in Wray, CO, phone 970/332-4151, emai MJ.Fisher@ColoState. edu.

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Monday, July 16,2007

Distillers grains vital to future success

by WLJ
There’s no reason the cattle-feeding industry in Texas cannot remain strong and viable if it incorporates distillers grains into rations, said a Texas Agricultural Experiment Station researcher. “Our concern has been, ‘Will there be enough feed?’” said Dr. Jim MacDonald, Experiment Station beef cattle nutritionist. “Assuming all the distillers grains are available for livestock feed, clearly there will be.” But, MacDonald said, the ratio of corn being fed vs. distillers grains could go from 11-to-1 today, to 3-to-1 nationally in the next 10 years. “So we’d better figure out how to feed distillers grains,” he said. Relatively few distillers grains are fed in the southern Plains states now, MacDonald said. Some beef producers are reluctant because there’s no incentive and no ready supply.  However, with the opening of two ethanol plants scheduled later this year in the Texas Panhandle, a steady supply of distillers grains should be available, making the alternative feedstock more attractive, he said. “In the future, as long as it is priced relative to corn, I think there will be a necessity to use this new large pool of feed,” MacDonald said. The proportion of corn used from 2002 to 2006 hasn’t changed much in the areas of human consumption, high fructose production or exports, he said. The biggest change has been corn moving from the livestock-feed sector to the fuel-ethanol sector, MacDonald said. Livestock feed has decreased from 60 percent to 55 percent in that time period, while the ethanol fuel sector increased from 8 percent to 14 percent. However, National Corn Growers Association forecasts show that while the percentage has decreased, the actual bushels of corn produced will continue to increase due to higher yields and acres planted, he said. The acres of corn harvest is expected to rise from the current 71 million to 80-85 million over the next five years, MacDonald said. Yields are projected to rise to almost 180 bushels per acre in the next 10 years. “We’re not sure how big the ethanol industry is going to get, but if every plant being proposed as of now gets built, the Renewable Fuels Association says we’ll be producing 12.5 billion gallons of ethanol a year from starch,” he said. In estimating feed availability for livestock, MacDonald assumed as much as 15 billion gallons of ethanol being produced annually. At that rate, 35.5 percent of all corn would be needed for ethanol. This would bring the amount of corn available for feed down from the current 60 percent to 33.5 percent, assuming the other categories remain steady. Because yields are expected to increase, he said the decrease of actual corn fed will not be as dramatic, going from 6.1 billion bushels in 2006 to 5 billion bushels by 2017. The beef and dairy industries are in the best position of any of the livestock industry to use distillers grains, MacDonald said. Based on the number of plants proposed in the Texas High Plains, he estimated feed yards will need to include 15 percent to 20 percent of distillers grains in the diet (moisture-free basis) to use all the available supply. The two Hereford, TX, plants, with a combined 200 million gallons of ethanol production per year, will produce 665,000 tons of distillers grains, he said. This quantity alone would be enough to include 6 percent to 7 percent distillers grains in the diets of the 5.75 million head of cattle fed in the Texas, New Mexico and Oklahoma region. If a proportion higher than 20 percent were included into area feed yard and dairy rations, distillers grains will need to be railed in from the Midwest, he said. Growth of the ethanol industry in the Corn Belt has created a greater demand for corn in that area, MacDonald said. However, they now have a large surplus of distillers grains. That could make them cheaper to rail into Texas than whole corn. In the tri-state area, distillers grains would be mixed with steam-flaked corn. This is different from in the Midwest, where dry-rolled corn is fed, he said. Several studies are under way to see how to maximize the use of distillers grains in the feed yard situation, MacDonald said. Those results should be available later this summer.

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Monday, July 16,2007

Ag land tax breaks threatened in California

by WLJ
—Funding for Williamson Act dollars faces veto threat. Williamson Act payments to California counties, which offset tax decreases on agricultural land, could disappear if Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger carries out his plan to axe the estimated $40 million in funding during this year’s budget negotiation. His initial budget contained no money for the program, however, after an uproar, the California Legislature added funding for the program to its budget package. However, the program remains in jeopardy; the governor could still use his line-item veto power to remove the funds. The Williamson Act is a program, similar to a conservation easement, which allows California producers to guarantee that their land will remain in agricultural production for a period of 10 or more years in exchange for a tax break on property enrolled in the program. Funding of just $40 million for the Williamson program represents a small fraction of the state’s enormous $103.7 billion budget. For the state’s producers however, it represents a substantial savings in terms of property tax assessments. In all, according to the California Department of Conservation, 16 million of the state’s 29 million acres of agricultural land in 54 counties are enrolled in the conservation program. But John Gamper, director of taxation and land use at the California Farm Bureau Federation (CFBF), said administration officials are indicating that the governor might go ahead with the cut, even if it means overriding the Legislature with a veto. Proponents of the Williamson Act argue that it is important to maintain land protected under the act for conservation and land use reasons. CFBF said funding the program encourages more responsible planning to protect “our members right to farm,” according to Gamper. He said in the most recent poll of landowners who participate in the Williamson Act program, 85 percent of participating landowners are “satisfied” or “extremely satisfied” with the benefits brought to them by enrolling in the Williamson Act. It is estimated the Williamson Act can save agricultural landowners from 20 to 75 percent in property tax liability each year, or approximately $150 million statewide, according to Gamper. “A survey of landowners in Williamson Act contracts concluded that one in three would not be farming or ranching without the act’s benefits,” said Gamper. As an example of how the cuts would impact counties, in 2005, Amador County received roughly $110,000 in subvention funds from the Williamson Act, according to county auditor Joe Lowe, who said the county puts the money into the general fund to cover property tax losses created by Williamson Act enrollments. Currently, Amador county has 94,000 acres, a third of the total acreage in the county, covered by the Williamson Act. The total appraised value of that property, if assessed at the Proposition 13 value and not with the tax break from the Williamson Act, is $133 million. This means the county would receive $1.3 million in property tax revenue from those areas, according to the county assessor. But, while those lands remain under the Williamson Act, they are assessed at $42.5 million and the county collects about $426,000 in property taxes plus the $110,000 in reimbursement funds from the state, the assessor’s office said. — John Robinson, WLJ Editor  

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Monday, July 16,2007

Heavy feeder cattle lead the way higher

by WLJ
—Fed market rebound and lower corn provide added boost to strong video auction prices paid for yearlings. Fed cattle trade this week got an early start as short-bought packers slowed production speed and started off with bids steady with the prior week. Feedlots, on the other hand, held firm, looking for higher prices for available fed cattle, which are reported to be in very current condition. It appeared last week like cattle are also being pulled forward to fill packer demand. Nebraska live trade started Tuesday at $142 with live trade in a range of $89-90 although volume was reportedly light to a single regional packer. Elsewhere, bids were still being rejected last Thursday as feedlots used their market advantage to push for higher prices. In Kansas and Texas, packer bids were at $88-89 live, while dressed bids in Colorado ranged from $142-143 and in Iowa from $140-142. Analysts last week expected live prices to reach the $91 live and $141 dressed level before any major trade would occur. The short-bought status of packers had them slowing their production speed slightly last week as they attempted to stay out of the market as long as possible and add value to cutout prices. Slaughter volume through last Thursday was estimated at 497,000 head, well above the previous holiday shortened week tally of 378,000 head, but lower than the same period in 2006 when the total reached 501,000 head. The bounce in the fed cattle market over the past six weeks shows that feedlots probably could have avoided the sharp drop to the low $80 level had they stood firm on asking prices. Occasional early week trade for lower money in the north didn’t help the cause of southern Plains feedlots which tended to market cattle later in the week. The past three weeks have seen a continuation of the trend with southern feeders generally trading higher than their northern counterparts. With tight supplies of fed cattle in the immediate future, the summer low is likely in place and prices should continue higher. The upcoming cattle on feed report is expected to show placement levels about 12 percent below June 2006. Adding to the picture are the prices being paid by feedlots for heavy weight placements for immediate delivery. Those cattle are being purchased to fit into the late fourth quarter marketings, which are trading on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) in excess of $99. With the recent corn market slide and the shortage of market-ready fed cattle ahead, the market picture for cattle feeders is looking better than many expected it to this year. However, retail demand will need to perk up if the cash market is going to fulfill market expectations in the fourth quarter.  HedgersEdge.com estimated last Thursday that packer losses are at $3.80 per head, which is largely the result of poor movement of beef at the wholesale level. Last Thursday, Choice product was trading at $143.33, up 24 cents, while Select gained 30 cents by midday to trade at $137.25. Good fill-in trade following the 4th of July holiday two weeks ago helped move the cutout higher. Since then however, movement has fallen off and last Thursday’s morning volume was lackluster with only 234 loads trading hands. One bright spot continues to be the cow markets, which are strong as a result of good movement of trim and grind loads. Last Wednesday, 44 loads of trim and 82 loads of grind product sold.  That movement is reflective of strong retail demand for ground beef products as consumers hunt for value-priced protein at the supermarket. The high demand has maintained cow beef cutouts well above year-ago levels. Last Thursday, cow cutout values were up 66 cents to $116.82, and the 90 percent lean traded at $144.70, while the 50 percent product moved at $55.62. The upward surge in the Canadian dollar to near par with the U.S. dollar means that there is less incentive for producers north of the border to ship their culls to the south for processing. That has left a few northern packers with a short supply and added to the willingness to pay more for cull cows. Prices remain in the mid-$50s and could remain there well into the fall if expected U.S. herd inventory numbers are reported near analyst’s expectations. The inventory report, due out June 20, is expected to show the smallest calf crop in years and perhaps a shift toward herd building, one that has been stalled for the past year and-a-half as a result of widespread drought last year and surging corn prices this year. If retention numbers increase, it will lead to an even shorter supply of available heifers this fall and reduce the number of cows being sent to market later this year, adding further support to the cow market. Feeder cattle Western Video Market Auction and Superior Livestock Auction both held massive video auctions last week, setting the fall market in most places. From July 9-11, Western Video Market held their auction in Reno, NV, at the Silver Legacy Hotel and most lots in that auction sold well considering weather conditions throughout the western U.S. Approximately 155,000 head were offered, with very good demand for heavy cattle over 700 lbs., most ready for immediate or near delivery. Demand for cattle to put on feed is heaviest in the north central states but feeders in California were ready for cattle as well, with the futures looking good, keeping the heavier cattle moving at good prices, mostly in the $108-$115 range. Lighter cattle were a tough sell in the western states where drought persists, but the lots offered for later delivery, mostly from October-December, sold fairly well. Six weight steer and heifer calves did better after the first day of the sale, but concerns over high feed prices kept many buyers away from all but reputable cattle. Prices for 600-700 lb. steers stayed in the $110-$125 range, mostly $115-120. Jerry York, WLJ fieldman, was at the auction headquarters in Reno during the sale. “We definitely saw the heavy cattle sell very well. The lighter cattle for immediate delivery got pretty tough. There were a lot of no sales on the lighter calves, just because the drought has a lot of guys worried about where they’ll go with these cattle,” he said. “The lightweights that did sell very well were all from good reputation outfits. It is pretty typical to see those cattle coming out of higher performance sires sell better, but this year, in some cases, they were the only ones selling.” York said that some lightweight black-hided cattle went for as high as $138. “Again, the ones bringing top dollar and selling well were the calves from top-reputation ranches. Value-added cattle also helped some of the lighter cattle sell. The natural feeders were generally worth three to five cents more. Quite a few Certified Angus Beef and a number of age/source verified cattle were run through the auction and they all, for the most part, sold very well.” York also added that drought was not the only concern at this year’s auction. “Normally people will talk about the weather at sales and it will be the biggest concern for ranchers, but this year I heard a lot of people talk about high input costs and uncertainty over domestic security issues,” he said. “ I think, overall, people were waiting to see how some of these things panned out before they bought higher-priced cattle for immediate delivery. It wasn’t just fears about lingering drought keeping buyers from taking all the offerings.” Superior Livestock held their annual “Week in the Rockies” video auction July 9-14, and this year it was their largest auction to date with 330,000 head on offer. Prices at the Superior Auction followed those of Western Video’s closely, although more cattle were offered from the Plains states and eastern U.S. In the southern plains of TX, OK and NM, prices seen during the Superior Auction were better than at local weekly auctions, largely because of weather issues. While good moisture blesses some areas of those states, flooding in large areas of eastern Oklahoma and Texas has kept some muddy cattle going through the rings, and severe drought in the Deep South has forced many cattle from the east into auctions in the Plains. Demand at auctions for feeder cattle in all Western and Midwestern states was good to very good, with prices being up from previous sales in all cases. In country auction markets, volume at most locations is seasonally low, keeping even the lighter weight cattle going back on grass in strong demand. Most demand is spurred by cattle feeder confidence in the corn market staying down after the recent announcement of a larger corn harvest estimate. Both corn and cattle futures for the remainder of 2007 are giving the feed yards some attractive margins and demand has increased accordingly. In Joplin, MO, last week 5,100 head of feeder cattle were sold, with steers going for $3-6 higher at $106-122 for six to seven weights and heifers were mostly steady to $3 higher in the same weight range at $99-109. Receipts in Oklahoma City were up sharply from two weeks earlier with 9,111 head sold, although down by nearly half from a year ago. Demand was very good for all classes of cattle with a number of aggressive out-of-state buyers attending. There are still some quality issues as in the past few weeks at this sale, with a number of cattle coming from the east and being quite thin, although last week the quality picked up some. Both steers and heifers were $3-5 higher, with 600-700 lb. steers selling at $117-$127.75, heifers about $10 lower. Heavier cattle also sold very well, with all weights, include those over 1,000 lbs., selling above $100. Trade and demand were good in Abilene, TX, where 974 head sold. Prices compared to the last sale were better on all cattle and feeders were $2-6 higher. Feeder steers in the 600-700 lb. range sold at $105-116, heifers roughly $10 lower. The 800-900 lb. feeder cattle were only a couple dollars lower across the board compared to the lighter calves. Prices were sharply higher since the last sale for all classes of cattle in Clovis, NM, where 2,823 head were sold last week. Steers were selling $7-11 higher and, in some cases, $13 higher. Heifers were mostly $6-8 higher and, in instances, up $10. Steers sold at $109-$113 for mostly 600 lb. calves, and the same for 700- 800 lb. cattle. Feeder heifers in the 600-700 lb. range were $95-$98.50, with the same or slightly better prices on 700-800 lb. cattle. In Madras, OR, 668 head traded last week, with a number beginning to come in because of short grass reserves. Feeder steers there sold at $102-111 for 600-700 lb. cattle, nearly the same as 400-500 lb. calves which were trading at $105-115. Steers in Madera, CA, were selling for $89-99.50 for 600-700 lb. cattle, with heifers at $82-91. Steers of 800-plus lbs. were trading at $81-92.25. CME feeder cattle contracts finished on July 12 with August feeder cattle futures down 32 cents to finish at $1.14. November contracts settled at $1.14, down 52 cents on the day. — WLJ  

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Monday, July 16,2007

Two Montana counties now quarantined for rabies

by WLJ
—Caution and vaccinations encouraged. Two Montana counties—Wheatland and Yellowstone—are now under a 60-day quarantine for rabies, the Montana Department of Livestock announced. The Wheatland County quarantine began on June 20 when a rabid dog was discovered and was renewed when a lamb was found to have rabies on June 26. The Yellowstone County quarantine began on June 27 because of a rabid dog. The quarantine status will remain in effect until the counties go for a full 60-day period without another positive finding for rabies, according to Dr. Jeanne Rankin, acting state veterinarian. Rankin explained that under Montana administrative rules, the quarantine status means that no unvaccinated dogs, cats or ferrets in the affected counties can be permitted to run at large or unattended. Instead, all unvaccinated dogs, cats and ferrets must be under the direct and immediate control of their owners at all times, she said. She said animals that received rabies vaccinations before the quarantines began, and which have been officially vaccinated for 14 days, are not affected by the quarantines, but may be subject to confinement ordinances adopted by local governments under their stray animal control programs. When accompanied by a rabies vaccination certificate, these animals are eligible for movement out of the quarantined county. Animals that are vaccinated after a quarantine period has begun are subject to only a 14-day county confinement period under state regulations. “This would be a very good time for people to make sure their pets have been vaccinated,” Rankin emphasized. She noted that the Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control “calls for any unvaccinated animal that comes in contact with an animal that is rabid or that is bitten by any wild animal to be euthanized immediately and its brain tested for rabies, or to be put in strict isolation for six months to be sure no infection has occurred. This is a very severe prospect, but it’s entirely avoidable by keeping your pets’ rabies vaccinations current,” she said. She explained that people tend to not keep house pets current on vaccinations, thinking that they will have no exposure to rabid animals. Just the contrary is true, as these pets are in much closer proximity to humans and are a bigger risk if a rabid bat gets into the house, which is very common in Montana, especially west of the Rocky Mountains. “Vaccination is cheap insurance,” she said, noting that last year over 250 dogs and cats were destroyed because of human bites or, more commonly, exposure of unvaccinated pets to wild or rabid animals. There were no positive cases of rabies in dogs or cats in 2006, but there was a case in a horse, Rankin explained. Rankin said the state has every reason to expect more positive rabies findings in the coming days, “so we are cautioning people to be very careful when encountering wild animals that may appear to be tame. People shouldn’t touch or attempt to pick up any wild animals, particularly in the counties that are quarantined,” she warned. She emphasized that any person who suspects that he or she has been bitten by a wild animal should please contact local health officials. She explained that the rabies virus can be excreted in the saliva of an infected animal, and can be transmitted not only by an animal bite but also by exposure of the infected saliva to a scratch or open wound. Rankin reported that horses, sheep and cattle also can be vaccinated for rabies, and she recommended that livestock owners consult with their veterinarians about the advisability of getting vaccinations, especially of those livestock kept in close contact with people. — WLJ  

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Monday, July 9,2007

Tick quarantine set in Starr County, TX

by WLJ
The fever tick quarantine zone in Starr County, TX, has been expanded temporarily due to the threat of fever ticks beyond the permanent “quarantine zone” that runs along the Rio Grande. Effective July 3, livestock cannot be moved from the expanded preventive quarantine area until the animals are manually inspected for fever ticks, dipped and permitted for movement by personnel from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Fever Tick Force or the Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC). Fever ticks are capable of carrying and transmitting a protozoa—or tiny animal parasite—that causes the deadly livestock disease “Texas Fever.” The temporary preventive quarantined area is bounded on the east by Ebanos Road (Ebony Road) from its junction with U.S. Highway 83, then north on San Julian Road to its junction with Sanchez Ranch Road (San Julian Road). The northern boundary is comprised of Sanchez Ranch Road (San Julian Road), south on Loma Blanca Road, then west on Hinojosa Ranch Road (Falcon Loop) to its junction with U.S. Highway 83. The western edge is Highway 83 south to the Ebony Road junction. “At this time, we do not know the extent of the infestation in this preventive fever tick quarantined area. However, tick infestation is possible, and therefore, we must take extraordinary precautions to prevent the spread of these very dangerous pests,” said Dr. Bob Hillman, Texas’ state veterinarian and executive director of TAHC, the state’s livestock and poultry health regulatory agency. He explained that the fever tick, if not contained, could become re-established, even through the winter, throughout much of the south, southeast and parts of California. In addition to cattle, horses and white-tailed deer, Nilgai and elk can act as a host of the tick, perpetuating its population. “It took more than 50 years to eradicate fever ticks from the U.S.,” he said. He noted that a permanent fever tick zone runs through eight South Texas counties along the Rio Grande and is staffed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Fever Tick Force. Livestock moved from this permanent quarantine zone also must be inspected, dipped and permitted prior to movement. Tick inspections also are conducted at a number of South Texas livestock markets.   When tick-infested livestock are detected, the ranch and animals are quarantined. Owners can choose to have their cattle inspected and dipped every seven to 14 days for nine months, or the livestock can be dipped repeatedly, until declared tick-free and moved to a new site, leaving the infested pasture “vacated” for nine months, causing the ticks to starve. Regardless of the option selected, wildlife, deer and other hoof stock are provided treated feed to kill fever ticks on these animals. The Fever Tick Force also maintains vigilance along the permanent quarantine zone to apprehend, inspect and dip stray livestock from Mexico, where the fever tick still exists. Owners may reclaim their animals by paying a nominal feed bill. Among the stringent health requirements for livestock shipments from Mexico are fever tick inspection and dipping. If an animal in a shipment is found to have fever ticks, the entire shipment is rejected until it can be re- dipped and inspected. “Keeping the fever tick out of the U.S. is essential,” said Dr. Hillman. “Infected ticks can kill thousands of cattle, and our ability to move animals without restriction could be severely limited. The implementation of this preventive fever tick quarantine is expected to be temporary and will be released as soon as possible.”

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Wednesday, June 20,2007

BSE roundtable to have full agenda

by WLJ
6, 2005 The list of stakeholders invited to attend the U.S. Department of Agriculture's June 9 roundtable to discuss the safety of U.S. and Canadian beef and cattle in the debate over bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is large enough to present a full agenda, said Jim Rogers, spokesman for USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Groups formally invited to attend are The National Cattlemen's Beef Association; American Meat Institute; National Meat Association; R-CALF United Stockgrowers of America; American Farm Bureau Federation; National Farmers Union; National Renderers' Association; National Milk Producers Association; Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty; a representative of the World Animal Health Organization; and the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture. Rogers said no information about the order of business is available. The situation is still "in flux," he said. The roundtable, titled "The Safety of North American Beef and the Economic Effect of BSE on the U.S. Beef Industry," is to be held in St. Paul, MN, according to the invitation to R-CALF USA and provided to Dow Jones Newswires by communications director Shae Dodson. The discussion will be held before an open audience, and a moderator is to assist the discussion "to ensure that invited participants are given an opportunity to speak," the letter said. Specific topics for discussion are to include the safety of the cattle and beef supplies and the economic effect and the changes in global beef flow, with special emphasis on the long-term effects on competitiveness, the letter said. Requests for an invitation from several Canadian cattle groups were not answered by USDA, as of last Thursday. Several representatives from Canadian organizations are expected to be in attendance in the audience. — Lester Aldrich, Dow Jones Newswire © Crow Publications - Any reprint of WLJ stories, except for personal use,  without permission, written consent and appropriate attribution is prohibited. ©1996-2005 Crow Publications. All rights reserved.

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© Crow Publications - Any reprint of WLJ stories, except for personal use, without permission, written consent and appropriate attribution is prohibited. 2008 Crow Publications. All rights reserved.